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1th International Circus Festival of Budapest 1996

20-24 March 1996

 

President of the jury: Eduardo Murillo

 

Winners:

 Gold

Toroszján group

Russia

 Silver

Chinese Acrobatic Group

China

 

Ewelyn Marinof-csoport

Romania

 Bronze

Chinese Acrobatic Group

China

 

Elena Popova

Russia

 

2 Simet

Hungary

 

2nd International Circus Festival of Budapest 1998

10-12 January 1998

 

President of the jury: Eduardo Murillo

 

Winners:

 

 Gold

Korolevs

Russia

 

Hebei

China

 Silver

Meteors

China

 

Kisfaludy group

Hungary

 Bronze

Vargas

Mexico

 

Jagantsetseg

Mongolia

 

Trió Császár

Hungary

 

3th International Circus Festival of Budapest 2000

13-17. January 2000

 

President of the jury: Eduardo Murillo

 

Winners:

 

 Gold

Zhang Fan

China

 Silver

Rippel Brothers

Hungary

 

Marina Osinskaya

Russia

 Bronze

Didyk csoport

Ukraine

 

Hunan Troupe

China

 

Nereus Lajos

Russia

 

4th International Circus Festival of Budapest 2002

10-14 January 2002

 

President of the jury: Leonid Kostiuk

 

Winners:

 Gold

Hebei group

China

 Silver

Murzak

Russia

 

Kristina Kokorina

Russia

 

Duo Flash

Ukraine

 Bronze

Menestrelli

Russia

 

Dzen

Russia

 

Catana Troupe

Romania

 

5th. International Circus Festival of Budapest 2004

29 January – 2 February 2004

 

President of the jury: Franz Czeisler Tihany

 

Winners:

 

 Gold

Dosau group

Russia

 

Rodions group

Russia

Silver

Rafael de Carlos

Cuba

 

Dmitry Prudnikov

Russia

 

Tianjin Troupe

China

 Bronze

Svetlana és Dimitriy

Ukraine

 

Roman Tomanov

USA

 

Living Trapeze

Russia

 

6th. International Circus Festival of Budapest 2006

26-30 January 2006

 

President of the jury: Franz Czeisler Tihany

 

Winners:

 Gold

Kovgar group

Russia

 Silver

Novikov group

Russia

 

Shanghai Circus School

China

 

Kanakovi group

Russia

 Bronze

Zebrák

Russia

 

Duo Bobrov

Russia

 

Alan Sulc

Czech republic

 

7th. International Circus Festival of Budapest 2008

24-28  January 2008

 

President of the jury: Franz Czeisler Tihany

 

Winners:

 Gold

Peking Akrobata csoport

China

 Silver

Dima Shine

Ukraine

 

White Crow

Canada, Switzerlan, Ukraine

 

Narkevich

Belarus

 Bronze

Rob Torres

USA

 

Flying Spiders

China

 

Glen Nicolodi

Italy

 

Mr. & Mrs. Dittmar

Hungary

 

8th. International Circus Festival of Budapest 2010

21-25 January 2010

 

President of the jury: Franz Czeisler Tihany

 

Winners:

 Gold

Vladislav Goncharov

Ukraine

 

Vorobiev group

Russia

 Silver

Dustin Nicolodi „Coperlin”

Italy

 

Trió Ayala

Venezuela

 

Duo Vanegas

Columbia

 

Duo Ivanov

Russia

 Bronze

Molly Saudek

USA

 

Quinterion

Hungary

 

Pavel Voladas

Belarus

 

Roman Khapersky

Russia

 

9th International Circus Festival of Budapest 2012

2-6 February 2012

 

President of the jury: Franz Czeisler Tihany

 

Winners:

 

 Gold

Chilly & Fly

Canada

 

Rokashkov's

Russia

 Silver

Johan Wellton

Sweden

 

Darkan

Kazakhstan

 Bronze

Alexandre Lane

Canada

 

Sebastien Nicaise

Belgium

 

Elisa Khachtryan

Armenia

 

10th. International Circus Festival of Budapest 2014

9-13. January 2014

 

President of the jury: Fredy Knie

 

Winners:

Gold

Richter group

Hungary

 

Merrylu Casselly, René Casselly Jr.

Germany

 

Quingdao Troupe

China

 Silver

Simet László

Hungary

 

Trio Stoian

Romania

 

Super Silva

Brazil

 Bronze

Sampion Bouglione

France

 

Stynka group

Russia

 

Cesar Dias

Portugal

 

Duo Maybe

Ukraine

 

Ambra & Yves Nicols

Spain, Italy

 

11th. International Circus Festival of Budapest 2016

7-11 January 2016

 

President of the jury: Eugene Chaplin

 

Winners:

 Gold

The Gerlings

Columbia

 Silver

Flying Farfans

USA

 

Skokov csoport

Russia

 Bronze

Dias Family

Portugal

 

Nicol Nicols

Spain

 

Silver Power

Hungary

 

Trio Power Line

Hungary

 

X-Treme Brothers

Romania

 

12th. International Circus Festival of Budapest 2018

8-14 January 2018

 

President of the jury: Eugene Chaplin

 

Winners:

 Gold

Nomuna 

Mongolia

 

Chinese National Acrobatic Troupe

China

 Silver

Andrejs Fjodorovs

Latvia

 

Duo Funcoholics

Russia

 

Without Socks

Russia

 Bronze

Stanislav Vysotskyi

Ukraine

 

Vodyanik Group

Russia

 

Duo Solys

Cuba

 

Ádám and Benjámin

Hungary

 

The Birth of the Modern Circus

The Birth of the Modern Circus

The roots of the modern circus originate back to the 18th century England. This new genre that revitalized entertainment was born here. We consider Philip Astley as the creator of modern circus: he was the first man who combined animal training, acrobatic performances and burlesque into one show, laying the foundation of circus art.

Philip Astley was born in Newcastle-under-Lyme, England, on the 8th of January 1742. The young Astley worked in his father’s carpenter workshop, but as a rebellious teenager he chose a different path. The army equestrians were highly respected at that time, so at the age of 17, Astley joined to the British Army, where his job was to train to the newly purchased horses to their services. Here he acquired the basis of his performer career. He fought through the Seven Years’ War, where he became famous for his many heroic deeds.

After Philip Astley left the army in 1766, he had to find a new livelihood. At the beginning – using his own experience – he worked as an equestrian performer not unlike many of his fellow soldiers. He travelled through the countryside of England, learnt new tricks and became better at his profession.

In 1768, Astley opened his riding school (Astley’s British Riding-School) near the Westminster bridge of London. Here he held training in the morning, in the afternoon he created shows for the interested visitors. The first occasion was held in the 9th of January 1768: Astley performed his own equestrian tricks in the circus floor drawn in the dirt. However, he was still far from creating circus theater which merged different performing arts. At the beginning Astley’s show only featured equestrian tricks, but from 1770, he started to employ jugglers, clowns, acrobats, wire-dancers and illusionists. These innovations defined the path of progress of circus art for the next decades.

Astley’s undertaking proved to be an unexpected success. The reason behind the popularity – besides the show itself – was because of his personality and his innovation, the circular theatre floor, which allowed the spectators to have a good view from everywhere on the auditorium and gave the chance to present previously unimaginable tricks thanks to the centrifugal force. The amphitheatre was visited by both aristocrats and poor citizens thanks to the cheap ticket prices. (Astley named his circus amphitheatre. It was Astley’s rival, Charles Dibdin, who christened his institution circus (The Royal Circus, 1782).)

Meanwhile Astley continuously improved his circus. First, he built an auditorium for the amphitheatre, then he put a roof over it. In 1779 the Astley’s Amphitheatre Riding House was built next to the open area, in which shows could be held even in the winter. In 1786, the circus was rebuilt and renovated (Astley’s Royal Grove). At that time Astley has already retired from the role, and he was replaced by his son, John Astley, in the circus floor.

The competition drove Astley to expand his venture. He performed in many European cities. He was in Paris in 1774, later the city became his second home, he opened his local circus in 1783 (Amphithéâtre Anglais). By that time, he already had a circus in Dublin since 1773.

In 1794, his circus in London burnt to ashes, but in 1795 the new circus theatre called Royal Amphitheatre was opened already. In 1802 Astley returned to Paris, and until his death in 1814 he further expanded his venture. He died at his home at Paris.

Following the example of Astley’s theatre new circuses were opened one after one, first in England, then in continental Europe, and then in the United States as well. Modern circus arrived in America thanks to a Scottish rider, John Bill Ricketts (1769-1800). He opened his circus in Philadelphia in 1793 (his first show was presented in 3rd of April 1793).

Szandra Szonday